The Shawnee lived in the interior regions of present-day Pennsylvania. Within a year, crops were being harvested, and the surplus was shipped for export. "Stories from PA History." Penn would be the administrator, and at the start of every year, he was to pay the King two beaver pelts and a fifth of any gold and silver mined within the colony. The land he received was rich with natural resources including two river valleys, extensive forests and a large portion of the Appalachian Mountains. Though the Dutch and English were quick to claim either side of the Delaware River, it was the Dutch who settled first in 1631. Â© 2020 Small Planet Communications, Inc. + Terms/Conditions + 15 Union Street, Lawrence, MA 01840 + (978) 794-2201 + email@example.com, http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/214180/Treaties-of-Fort-Stanwix, http://www.phmc.state.pa.us/portal/communities/pa-history/1681-1776.html, http://www.phmc.state.pa.us/portal/communities/documents/1681-1776/chambers-map.html, http://www.phmc.state.pa.us/portal/communities/governors/, http://www.phmc.state.pa.us/portal/communities/documents/1681-1776/walking-purchase.html, http://www.statemuseumpa.org/Potamkin/brother/part3.htm, http://xroads.virginia.edu/~CAP/PENN/pnplan.html, http://www.cems.uwe.ac.uk/~rstephen/livingeaston/. The younger Penn went on to become a trusted friend of James, the Duke of York. "Pennsylvania Governors." The conflict over rights to the territory between the Dutch and English continued with running battles for several years that culminated in a final treaty in 1674. Architectural Elements: Pennsylvania is a colony that incorporates Middle Architecture. As early as 1615, the French and Dutch explored some of this land. Read about Pennsylvania's founder, William Penn. When Penn arrived in late 1682 to take up the governorship, he was pleased to see that the settlement had already prospered. The Society of Pennsylvania was based of Greece’s Society and was called Athens of America, because of its rich culture. Founding of the Pennsylvania Colony It was founded under a charter given to William Penn. Our Colony's Culture Foundational Knowledge Chart Marketing Plan WELCOME TO THE PENNSYLVANIA PROVINCE CORPORATION DESCRIPTION: Pennsylvania was made mostly for religious freedom, and it was successful in that. Culture Newspapers and magazines flourishes, as does law and medicine. Some were the most important citizens of the Pennsylvania Colony such as Benjamin Franklin who helped establish the … Charles II, King of England owed money to Penn’s family. After the British won the war, the French withdrew, and peace came to western Pennsylvania. People from other colonies also settled land that would soon become part of Pennsylvania. ExplorePAhistory.com. Well before the Europeans showed up in America the Delaware and several other Native American tribes lived in what is today Pennsylvania. Pennsylvania Colony Facts: Religious Freedom and Growth. Since the European settlement of Pennsylvania began in the mid 1600s in the southeast corner of the state, the earliest buildings are found in this region. As a result, many Quakers, Mennonites, and others came to find refuge within the city. "William Penn Plans the City." The Pennsylvania Colony article provides important information and interesting facts at a glance via the fast Facts File about the Pennsylvania Colony including the date the colony were established, geography, history, the system of government, religion, trade and the economic activities in the Pennsylvania Colony. Even though Quakers held most of the influence in Pennsylvania, there was religious freedom which brought Quakers, Christians, Protestants, and Jews, and people from Wales, Germany, Holland, and France.This lead to a very mixed culture. Pennsylvania was first inhabited by a varied mixture of Native American tribes including the Iroquoian Susquehannock & Petun, Shawnee, Trockwae, Saponi and more before the 1600s, saw European interest in the region. It has a border with Ohio on the west, West Virginia on the south and west, Maryland and Delaware on the south, New Jersey on the east, and New York and Lake Erie on the north.. (rich in cultural life) William Penn founded the Pennsylvania colony and wanted to name it Sylvania, but the King wanted to honor him and named the land Pennsylvania. Accessed 6/17/19. In many ways, Pennsylvania and Delaware owed their initial success to William Penn. The land grant was made in exchange for paying of … Accessed 6/17/19. In 1737, colonial authorities claimed to have found a lost treaty from 1686 ceding a tract of Delaware tribal land between the fork of the Delaware and Lehigh rivers that extended as far as a man could walk in one and a half days. By 1685, its population was almost 9,000. "Chambers' Map from the Delaware to the Susuquehanna, 1685." The Susquehannock, an Iroquoian tribe, lived along the Susquehanna River. Pennsylvania Life and Culture. Like so many other persecuted groups, they were drawn in by William Penn’s promise of religious freedom in his new land of Pennsylvania. Peaceful relations with neighboring American Indian groups and fertile farmland helped Penn's experiment become a success. "1681â1776: The Quaker Province." The climate and geography of colonial Pennsylvania was similar to that of the current state of Pennsylvania. Most American Indians eventually migrated west, leaving only a few remaining in Pennsylvania. Penn signed a treaty of friendship in 1682 with the Delaware Indians of Pennsylvania, setting a high standard in relations. Within 30 years, they had settled the valleys in the western part of the region. William Penn's Treaty with the Indians | Artist: Benjamin West, 1771, Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Philadelphia; Benjamin Franklin | Artist: Joseph-SiffrÃ¨de Duplessis, 1907. Click to view a historic map of Pennsylvania and New Jersey, circa 1698. Much of what is now Pennsylvania was part of the original land grant for the Virginia colony given to the London Company in 1606. The climate and geography of colonial Pennsylvania was similar to that of the current state of Pennsylvania. Pennsylvania is the farthest inland of the four, therefore it has the richest soil and best agricultural resources of the Middle Colonies. In the 1750s, British traders and settlers moved into western Pennsylvania, eager for land and furs. The people of the Delaware counties were hostile to the union with Pennsylvania. Pennsylvania - Pennsylvania - History: At the time of European settlement, the Native American population was small and widely scattered. There is a lot of history here, but also a rich ethnic diversity because of the state’s tolerance of religion and ethnicity. It printed its own currency following the British Currency Act of 1764 and was home to many prominent early Americans like Benjamin Franklin. Due to the large number of German emigrants who settled there in the 18th century, Dutch became a variation of the word "Deutsch," which means German. Among them was Thomas Holme, who was to survey the site for Penn's new town, Philadelphia, on the banks of the Delaware and Schuylkill rivers. Pennsylvania also accounts for nearly 10 percent of America’s forested area, so there is plenty of room for outdoor recreation tourism to balance the incredible history on display. The Englishmen crossed the land twice as fast as the Delaware had anticipated, resulting in the tribe losing about 1,200 square miles of their land. Accessed 6/17/19. DID YOU KNOW?Pennsylvania Dutch Country was not named for its settlers of Dutch descent. Colonial Maps and Culture Maps. When the elder Penn died in 1670, his son inherited a large fortune, which he used to help other Quakers escape religious persecution in England. William Penn founded the colony of Pennsylvania by Unknown. Pennsylvania was founded by William Penn, who was a Quaker, and its culture was informed by Quaker beliefs in the equality of all people. University of Virginia. On April 25, 1682, Penn issued a more complete frame of government and charter of liberties. The state capital of Pennsylvania is Harrisburg.The largest city in Pennsylvania is Philadelphia. It was founded under a charter given to William Penn. Society, Schools, and Culture Society in the middle colonies was far more varied, cosmopolitan, and tolerant than in New England. Under his guidance, Pennsylvania functioned smoothly and grew rapidly. Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission. Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission. An English Colony The first settlers in the region were the Dutch and the Swedish. In 1681, William Penn, a Quaker, established a colony based on religious tolerance; it was settled by many Quakers along with its chief city Philadelphia, which was also the first planned city. This ideology evolved into the birthplace of America, where the Founding Fathers gathered in Philadelphia to draft the Declaration of Independence and the first US Constitution. The settlement around Philadelphia experienced rapid growth. Under his guidance, Pennsylvania functioned smoothly and grew rapidly. Although the original colonies were given a general set of governmental guidelines from the British government, Pennsylvania set its own standards. Much of what is now Pennsylvania was part of the original land grant for the Virginia colony given to the London Company in 1606. "Treaties of Fort Stanwix." William Penn, a Quaker, established the Province of Pennsylvania as a haven for persecuted members of the Society of Friends. An academy that held its first classes in 1740 became the College of Philadelphia in 1755, and ultimately grew into the University of Pennsylvania. Accessed 6/17/19. Markham was to appoint a council and ensure that the Welsh, Swedish, Dutch, and Irish settlers already there, as well as the American Indians, recognized his proprietary authority. William Penn died in England in 1718. At this point in time, Penn referred to himself as governor of the new colony, which he called the "Holy Experiment," and soon hoped to take up his duties in person. Culture Newspapers and magazines flourishes, as does law and medicine. The French built a chain of forts from Lake Erie to the Forks of the Ohio River and pressured the American Indians to break relations with the British. If you don't have an account yet, make one here. Algonquian-speaking Delaware groups lived in the eastern river valleys. EncyclopÃ¦dia Britannica. Penn got a charter for a colony in America, in exchange for canceling the debt. The State Museum of Pennsylvania. Up until the late 1700s, communication between colonial Pennsylvania and other areas was difficult. The pamphlet described the proposed settlement in the New World. Still, the colony prospered; they lived in great harmony with the Indians, and increased in numbers and wealth. The Shawnee lived in the interior regions of present-day Pennsylvania. Pennsylvania can claim America's first hospital, first library, and first insurance company. The colony of Pennsylvania had a mild climate with coastal plains, plateaus and mountains. Government Structure in Colonial Pennsylvania. Dear Abby: Friendship is a casualty of birthday party quarrel Dear Abby: Friendship is a casualty of birthday party quarrel. University of the West of England. Following his victory at Fort Duquesne in 1758, British General John Forbes renamed the site Pittsburgh. The Susquehannock, an Iroquoian tribe, lived along the Susquehanna River. Penn was granted the charter as a place for Quakers to settle. In the countryside there are strong Dutch and German communities. He called the colony the "Holy Experiment." "The William Penn Treaty." Pennsylvania was one of the most democratic colonies that there were and that is responsible because of their diverse nationalities. The Quakers were among the most radical of the English Protestant sects that had sprung up in the 17th century. Accessed 6/17/19. For nearly 20 years in the 17th century, Sweden had a little-known colony that spanned parts of Delaware, Pennsylvania and New Jersey. Art:The Birth of Pennsylvania depicts William Penn receiving Pennsylvania’s royal charter from King Charles II.Lenape depicts William Penn’s 1682 treaty with the Lenape tribe. This rich ethnic diversity makes the state a fairly welcoming and tolerant place for visitors from any part of the world. In 1681 England’s King Charles II repaid a debt by granting William Penn a massive piece of land that became known as Pennsylvania. His father, Sir William Penn, a senior naval commander during the first and second Dutch wars, introduced his son to King Charles II. Charles II agreed, and Penn obtained a grant of territory known as the province of Pennsylvania, a name chosen to honor his father. Pennsylvania is the center of economic growth in the colonies and is the perfect place to start or move a business. The Pennsylvania Colony included immigrants from England, German, Scotch-Irish, and African Americans. The colony had a democracy based of the city of Athens government and had excellent arts and sciences. Algonquian-speaking Delaware groups lived in the eastern river valleys. The Delaware, or Lenni Lenape, occupied the Delaware valley; the Susquehannock were in the lower Susquehanna River valley; the Erie and various groups of the Iroquois Confederacy—Seneca, Cayuga, Onondaga, and Oneida—were in northern Pennsylvania. Before European settlement, Pennsylvania was the home of about 15,000 American Indians. Pennsylvania Colony was not the first colony to offer religious freedom (Rhode Island Colony was the first) but it certainly played a role in their growth.William Penn allowed for religious freedom, fair treatment of Indians, low taxes, and no debt. Together, these 4 colonies form the Middle Colonies. The Pennsylvania Colony is located near New Jersey, Delaware, and New York. Today visitors can admire 40 preserved buildings from this colonial era right in downtown Philly in the Independence National Historical Monument. The Pennsylvania Dutch population arrived in droves between the late 1600s and the early 1800s to escape religious persecution in Europe. P ennsylvania is the best colony and I can Up until the late 1700s, communication between colonial Pennsylvania and other areas was difficult. Philadelphia grew into one of the most important cities in colonial America, becoming the birthplace of the U.S. Constitution. The Pennsylvania Colony was a royal colony. Much of the land suited farming. Many of them were members of persecuted religious groups such as the Mennonites and the Amish. The Province of Pennsylvania was an English colony in North America that existed from 1682 until 1776, when it joined the other 12 of the 13 colonies in rebellion against Great Britain and became the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. Pennsylvania was one of the middle colonies, along with New York, New Jersey, Maryland and Delaware. These 13 colonies were divided into three regions which included the New England Colonies, the Middle Colonies, and the Southern Colonies. When the young American colonies began to tire of British taxation they formed the first Continental Congress in Philadelphia in 1774. However, in 1655 the Dutch took over the New Sweden settlement. Accessed 6/17/19. Pennsylvania was one of the middle colonies, along with New York, New Jersey, Maryland and Delaware. This is one state that really represents the melting pot of America. In many ways, Pennsylvania and Delaware owed their initial success to William Penn. Benjamin Franklin came to Philadelphia from Boston in 1723. When first discovered by Europeans, Pennsylvania, like the rest of the continent, was inhabited by groups of American Indians, people of Mongoloid ancestry unaware of European culture. 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