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The state of emergency is thus more than paying for itself. The Global Recession of 2007. Jamaica’s police force is understaffed and has limited resources. A matter of concern. Poverty is expected to decline further with rising per-capita GDP, lower unemployment, and strengthened safety nets. Crime has this capacity to generate vicious cycles causing unemployment, economic downturns and instability. The number of murders and other violence causes Jamaica to have one of the highest crime rates in the world. So the 'crime costs five per cent of economy' formula means a 20 per cent murder rate decline saves roughly J$1.5 billion per month. Crime and violence levels remain high, emphasizing the need to address the issues of youth unemployment, education, and social cohesion. Crime and violence experienced by individuals living in a community is an important public health issue. Poverty does not cause crime the way a bacteria causes disease or else everywhere in the world where poverty exists, crime would be rampant. Unemployment = Poverty = Crime: Poverty levels stood at 9.9 per cent per cent in 2007. Unemployment, poverty and crime. Since the 1970s Jamaica's obvious internal threat has come from social violence. In 2017, Jamaica’s homicide rate was 56 per 100,000; in 2018, the homicide rate dropped to 47 per 100,000, but remains three times higher than the average for Latin America and the Caribbean. It is not unique to Jamaica and I am not offering that as an excuse. The primary contributing factors for crime and violence in Jamaica is a challenge to identify as crime and violence can thrive in so many environments. JEL Codes: I39, Y80, J12, O54 They may be victimized directly, witness violence or property crimes in their community, or hear about crime and violence from other residents. Poverty and crime combined together leave people with two choices: either take part in criminal activities or try to find legal but quite limited sources of income – when there are any available at all. Gated resorts are not immune to violent crime. Police statistics in Jamaica has shown that since the year 1999 Jamaica’s crime rate has steadily risen. According to the World Bank, in 2012, the official poverty rate in Jamaica fell just shy of 20 percent. the report offers an assessment of the data collection, analysis, and crime response capabilities in Jamaica, and makes suggestions regarding the most effective way forward. People can be exposed to violence in many ways. And, while poverty isn’t as pronounced in Jamaica as say in its neighbor Haiti, there are still several causes of poverty in Jamaica that have left many struggling. 1. Key words: violence, crime, Jamaica, prevention . "It is naturally a matter of concern to us. Last Updated: Apr 13, 2020 But this is not the case. 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